Menopause is called early when it occurs before 45 years, and the onset of which increases the risk of developing several health hazards. Smoking is the main factor which causes early menopause in women.
What researches tell about smoking and menopause?
- Many studies showed, the more a woman smokes, the earlier her menopause is likely to occur, which ultimately increases the risk of osteoporosis, heart diseases, and other fatal diseases in women.
- The earlier a woman stops smoking, the more protection she derives with respect to an early onset of menopause.
- Women who stop smoking more than 10 years before menopause have a least risk for early menopause.
- However researches showed that passive smoking and alcohol or coffee consumption are not significantly associated with early onset of menopause.
- Certain lifestyle factors previously thought to be associated with early menopause were found to be negatively associated, such as high education level and high school participation.
Writing in the current issue of the British journal ‘The Lancet’,researchers suggested two possible mechanisms for the link between smoking and menopause.One is the effect of nicotine on the central nervous system, possibly resulting in changes in the secretion of hormones involved in the menopause.The second is the effect of cigarette smoke on certain enzymes that may in turn influence the way the body handles the sex hormones.