Smokers may resort to different arguments on a healthier approach towards smoking. But this cannot save them from the ill effects of smoking. Latest findings and scientific evidence point out that even better changes in diet like five balanced portions of vegetables a day and regular exercise cannot ensure good health – if people continue to smoke. In fact, critics of the puffing habit say that if one prefers an early death, he or she should keep smoking.
Health Risks of Smoking
Government health agencies are working hard to prevent early death due to smoking by sustained efforts to raise awareness levels in general public regarding the health risks of smoking. The fact that smoking kills around 11,14,000 people in Europe and America every year and that 42, 800 of these are smoking-related cancer deaths is a staunch fact. Equally alarming is the fact that 30,600 of these deaths are due to smoking-resulted cardiovascular disease while 29,100 die slowly from emphysema and other chronic lung diseases.
Health risks of smoking can be very severe. This habit can cause many periodontal diseases like swollen gums and bad breath. Infertility problems are associated mostly with smokers as impotence is closely linked to smoking. Abstinence and physical dsyfunctioning may mean an early death for many.
How Smoking Damages Health and Leads to an Early Death?
Cigarettes include chemical compounds and about 400 toxic substances. When smokers inhale, this cigarette burns at 700Â°C at the tip and around 60Â°C in the core. This temperature breaks down the tobacco to produce various toxins. The residues caused due to the cigarette burns are concentrated towards the butt and tar. Somking releases carcinogen -substance that causes cancer- and nicotine – an addictive known to increase cholesterol levels in the body. Carbon monoxide reduces oxygen in the body, and the components of the gas and particulate phases cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD). Research reveals that smoking reduces life expectancy by seven to eight years. Each cigarette, on an average, shortens a smoker’s life by around 11 minutes.
The figures are mind-boggling as they bring to light that the number of people under the age of 70 who die from smoking-related diseases exceed the total figure for deaths caused by breast cancer, AIDS, traffic accidents and drug addiction in the United States. Excessive smoking can cause blood clots in the heart and brain, and these are the most common causes of sudden death. Medically known as coronary thrombosis, these blood clots in the arteries can lead to a heart attack. If cerebral thrombosis occurs due to smoking, it can cause blockage of blood vessels to the brain, leading to collapse, stroke and paralysis. Medical records of smokers reveal that they tend to develop coronary thrombosis 10 years earlier than non-smokers, and make up to 9 out of 10 heart bypass patients.