Addicted to smoking implies an individual’s irrepressible reliance on cigarettes to such an extent that an addict who stops smoking is distressed by emotional, mental, or physical reactions that are serious in nature. Every individual is aware of the fact that smoking is injurious to health as well as addictive, but few people fail to understand how dangerous and addictive it is.
Nicotine as a Drug
Smoking is addictive simply due to the nicotine present in tobacco. Nicotine is absorbed and penetrates the bloodstream, by means of the lungs when smoke is drawn in. It also enters your body by means of the lining of the mouth, which is also referred to as buccal mucosa, when tobacco is chewed or utilized as oral snuff. Nicotine is also taken in through the nose in the form of nasal snuff.
Nicotine is a psychoactive drug that has a stimulating impact on the electrical activity of the brain. It also has soothing effects, particularly during stress, together with its influence on hormonal and other systems all through out the body.
Smokers become used to nicotine, and can take higher doses without showing any bodily discomfort than when they initially commenced smoking. The majority of the undesirable consequences of cigarette withdrawal is attributed to nicotine deficiency. It can be eased through nicotine substitution such as nicotine chewing gum or the nicotine patch.
Why One Encounters Problems When Tries to Quit?
Like other addictions, many people encounter problems while trying to quit smoking. Without proper assistance the majority of smokers are unsuccessful in spite of making several attempts. Even after discontinuing smoking in a successful manner for sometime, most fall back within 2 to 3 months. More disturbing possibly than the intensity of the addiction is the effortlessness with which it develops. Although teenagers begin to smoke
for psychosocial causes, nicotine’s effects quickly acquire domination.
Age and Smoking Habit
Studies reveal that the use of tobacco generally commences in the early stages of adolescence, and those who start smoking at an early age are more prone to develop serious nicotine addiction in contrast to those who commence smoking at a later age. Everyday a substantial number of adolescents smoke their first cigarette, and 42 percent of them turn out to be habitual smokers.
Why Smoking is Pleasurable?
Smoking can be termed as a physical addiction that generates a chain reaction in the body: Nicotine has an effect on receptors generally employed by one of the major neurotransmitters in the brain and nervous system or acetylcholine. Neurotransmitters are the chemical messengers discharged by nerve cells in order to link with other cells by modifying their electrical activity.