Smoking and diabetes are highly associated with each other. If one says that smoking leads to diabetes, one can also uphold that diabetic condition gets worsened due to smoking. Find out more about smoking and diabetes.
Smoking which causes heart stroke and attack, mouth and lung cancer and other vascular diseases also leads to diabetes.
A number of studies have examined the association between smoking and incidence of glucose abnormalities. The findings of the study reveal that smoking could be independently associated with glucose intolerance, impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes. Hence, smoking can lead to the development of type 2 diabetes.
Dr Carole Willi and his colleagues of the University of Lausanne in Switzerland conducted a study in which they explored the relationship between smoking and diabetes. For their study they reviewed 25 previous studies which were published between 1992 and 2006. The researchers tracked 1.2 million respondents for up to 30 years.
The Swiss researchers found that smokers had a 44 per cent more chance of developing type 2 diabetes than the non-smokers. The risk was more for heavy smokers. People who smoked 20 or more cigarettes per day had a 61 per cent higher risk for developing diabetes than light smokers.
The study which was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association confirmed that there is a very strong association between smoking and diabetes. In fact, the researchers articulated that smoking leads to increased diabetes incidence.
Why does smoking cause diabetes?
Smoking causes diabetes because it leads to insulin resistance or inadequate compensatory insulin secretion responses. So there is a 50% likelihood of increased risk for diabetes among smokers (both men and women).
Smoking compounds the diabetic problems
Smoking which causes type 2 diabetes can affect the other way round, too. Diabetics who smoke are at more risk of aggravating their health problems. Following are the health risks that get compounded due to smoking among the diabetics:
- Heart attack or stroke: Diabetics who smoke are at a higher risk (three times) to die of heart attack and stroke than diabetics who do not smoke.
- Blood glucose: Blood glucose shoots up further among diabetics when they smoke.
- Blood pressure: Blood pressure elevates when a person suffering from diabetes smokes.
- Cholesterol: The cholesterol level increases among diabetic patients who smoke.
- Infections: Smoking damages the blood vessels of the diabetics which makes harder for their body to heal. So, the risk of getting infected increases which can finally end up in amputations.
- Kidney and nerve disease: Diabetics who already suffer from kidney and nerve disease can damage the same when they smoke.
- Joint mobility: Diabetics, who experience problems in the mobility of their joints, are at higher risk of losing joint mobility due to smoking.
- Cancer: Diabetics who smoke are prone to develop life-threatening cancers in mouth, throat, lung and bladder.
- Erectile dysfunction: People who have diabetes and smoke have greater risk of being impotent.
- Respiratory diseases: Diabetics who smoke face difficulty in fighting against cold and other respiratory diseases.
Thus adding smoking to diabetes reduces the life expectancy and the quality of life of people.